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01 THE BIO-RESOURCES IN MALAYSIA 02 THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STRUCTURE OF NGS 03 A VARIETY OF SCHEMES FOR COLLABORATIVE RESERCH COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH MODELS
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COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH MODELS BETWEEN NGS AND OUR CLIENTS
Successful examples of Collaborative Research with our clients
One of the special features of the service we provide, which is not available from other companies, is the forming of collaborative research alliances, allowing our clients to gain full access and utilize the available bio-resources.

Previously, pharmaceutical companies from developed countries enjoyed an unlimited free access to the bio-resources from all over the world for the purpose of exploring new beneficial compounds. After the signing of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which was held in Brazil Summit in 1992, restrictions were made to limit such free access, which took effect from the following year in 1993.



The most crucial point in this international treaty, which is sanctioned by 182 countries, is that the resource countries have the full right of ownership on their bio-resources, and consent from the respective resource countries must be gained for the use of their bio resources, thus making it impossible to have free access to foreign bio-resources.

In 2002, after NGOs in Indonesia made claims under CBD, major Japanese cosmetics makers were forced to forfeit 51 of their patented rights. On the other hand, companies from the West which had foreseen such issues have already begun organizing collaborations with agencies which have acquired CBD clearance.

Most of the cases brought to the attention of the CDB are usually cases pertaining Patents on traditional knowledge of medicinal herbs and handling of patented new original species resulting from genetic modification. Recently, it is a common practice to indicate the country of origin for relevant bio-resources in any patent application (In fact, the EU is in the process of enforcing this practice). In view of the stringent protection for bio-resources in resources countries, it is believed that the ownership rights to microorganisms will be the next topic of debate.

Referring back to the above, we are not only offering legal access to foreign bio-resources for the purpose of research, we are also offering the use of the facilities, including researchers and research equipments at our laboratories, and as well as the transfer of technological know-how on developing medicine and drugs from natural resources developed by Japanese researchers with extensive experience working in Japanese pharmaceutical companies, providing our clients with the best techniques to explore new and original beneficial compound at a low risk.

Model 1: Collaborative Research conducted under the Clientfs Research Protocol at NGS Laboratories in the resource country
Under this model, NGS will supply the necessary research equipment, staff and space, while the collection of bio-resources, extraction and screening processes shall be based on the clientfs research protocol.
Model2F Collaborative screening by NGS researcher based on the clientfs needs
Under this model, the client shall provide the research objective for the purpose of collaborative screening, while NGS shall collect the bio-resources and build the extraction library as well as carry out the actual screening.
An overview of the combinations for Joint research models
Other models of collaboration are also available based on the clientfs needs.
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Please do not hesitate to contact us for more information regarding our Collaborative Research Schemes, research facilities as well as the details of our research and development programs
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